Thursday, June 4, 2020

How Much Are College Application Fees

How Much Are College Application Fees? Average Application Fees College application fees typically range from $25 to $90 per application, and that money is non-refundable. U.S. News World Report's 2013 survey of almost 1,300 undergraduate institutions found that the average application fee was $38.39, which is an increase of eight percent from 2007. For a student who applies to five to eight schools - the College Board's recommended number - the average total cost ranges from close to $200 to over $300. That's in addition to the expenses that may come with sending transcripts or taking and sending standardized test results. Related Articles Overview of the College Application Process Overview of the College Application Process College Application Due Dates College Application Due Dates EFC Tables and Data EFC Tables and Data Representative Examples College application fees vary based on the type of school you're applying to. Specific freshmen application fees from a few different types of institutions across the country (as of February of 2014) are: School Name Type of School State Application Fee Appalachian State University State North Carolina $55 Berry College Private Georgia $50 Bowling Green State University State Ohio $45 Cornell University Private - Ivy League New York $75 Drexel University Private Pennsylvania $75 New Mexico State University State New Mexico $20 Princeton University Private - Ivy League New Jersey $65 Rice University Private Texas $75 Stanford University Private California $90 University of Florida State Florida $30 Application fees are usually listed on the school's website under 'Admissions', along with the other application requirements. Additional Costs Beyond the Application Fee The application fee isn't the only cost you'll incur when you apply to college. There are additional expenses that are often overlooked. These include the following: As part of your application, you will need to have your high school transcript sent to the schools you're applying to. While some schools do this for free, others charge a small fee per school. Your school may also charge a small fee for schools outside of the state. Your high school guidance counseling department or your district registrar's office can tell you what the fee is for your school. You will also need to send the schools a record of your standardized test scores. For example, when you register for the SAT exam you receive four free score reports, but requests for additional reports are $11.25 each. Depending on the type of academic program you're applying to, you may need to send additional materials to the school. Arts and design programs, for instance, often require portfolios or work samples, and you will be responsible for the cost of preparing and mailing those items. That cost can vary considerably depending on the number and type of materials you're mailing (suc h as an original painting, a photograph of a sculpture, or a DVD featuring a theater performance).

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Analysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny Blues - 1753 Words

When we talk about darkness, it can have many different meanings. For example, darkness can mean shadow, sadness, wickedness, evil, iniquity, gloom, or without light. In the short novel Sonny Blues by James Baldwin, the word â€Å"darkness† appeared frequently throughout the reading. I think the significance of darkness of this particular situation of this book that Baldwin is trying to present is fear and suffering. It shows how the characters are in the state of panic and fear, of the situation they are in and all the sufferings they have to go through. Connecting the Baldwin to the novel, Harlem; where the story takes place is Baldwin’s hometown. He was born in 1924 and he worked as a Pentecostal preacher during this teens. As a youth like Sonny in the novel, Baldwin also got himself involved in drugs, alcohol, violence, and crime. Baldwin graduated from high school in 1942 and he moved away from the influence of the church and found himself a job in New Jersey laying railroad track. This is when Baldwin first experienced racial prejudice for the first time in his life. He was denied service in restaurants and barred from the local bowling alleys. With many struggles and suffering, Baldwin lost his job and returned to this home town. In the story, Sonny lost both his parents. As for Baldwin, he lost his stepfather. To help support his mother and younger siblings, he work his hardest trying to feed the family and decided to become a writer. With the inspiration from RichardShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 916 Words   |  4 PagesJames Baldwin’s story â€Å"Sonny’s Blues† tells the tale of two African-American brothers trying to survive in 1950s America. Both struggle with darkness in their lives, from drugs to bottling up emotions. The following sources were found Literature Research Center’s website. Each of the four sources will be evaluated for the quality of their information, as well as their usefulness on the topic of darkness in â€Å" â€Å"Sonny’s Blues†. Flibbert, Joseph. Sonny s Blues: Overview. Reference Guide to ShortRead MoreAnalysis Of Sonny s Blue By James Baldwin Essay1004 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Sonny’s Blue† by James Baldwin is a story about two brothers who grew up in poverty. One brother went on to become a teacher, while the other pursued his dreams to become a musician and finds himself in prison due to drug use. The story begins with the narrator finding out about Sonny’s arrest. It’s easy to see his shock and almost disbelief. It takes the narrator a while to write to Sonny, but eventually he does, and they regain communication with one another after over a year of silence. Sonny is releasedRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 933 Words   |  4 Pagesstory. Blues is a genre of music that is often used to express a sad mood. The contradictory lives of the two brothers contribute to the theme of being safe and take risks. In this story, James Baldwin writes about two brothers who were raised together. As time passed, they separated from one another and lived completely different lives. â€Å"Sonny’s Blues† by James Baldwin addresses the themes of finding comfort in music, dangers of addiction and the suffering of two brothers. First, Baldwin uses theRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 1578 Words   |  7 PagesJames Baldwin’s short story â€Å"Sonny’s Blues† was a great tale of the struggles shared between two brothers in Harlem in 1957. This story is about two African American brothers who, unfortunately, grew apart as the aged. The plot shows the struggles the two brothers faced as they grew up in Harlem, and in return, the two drastically different paths they perused. James Baldwin was an African American who grew up in Harlem in the 1930s and 40s. Baldwin was the oldest of nine children, and grew upRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues Essay2104 Words   |  9 PagesSeveral dialectics are at play in James Baldwin’s short story â€Å"Sonny’s Blues† including a dialectic between the narrator and his beloved brother Sonny involving their opposing responses to the sense of oppression and limitation that arises from living in Har lem. This dialectic and its resolution closely parallel Baldwin’s masterful use of Blues, Jazz, and Gospel music. We follow the narrator and his brother Sonny as they traverse the complexities of their individual and interconnected Harlem livesRead MoreAnalysis Of `` Sonny s Blue `` By James Baldwin1474 Words   |  6 Pages Music can be the lead to freedom from darkness. The story â€Å"Sonny’s Blue† by James Baldwin takes places in Harlem around the 1950’s. The story is about two brothers. One of the brothers is the narrator of the story whose name is unknown. The narrator tells the story of the struggles in Harlem but mainly the struggles of his brother with drugs, and his passion for jazz music. Through out the story the narrator avoids giving a sense of his own struggles with himself. However, in the end the readerRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 1366 Words   |  6 Pagesand dark ultimately guides Sonny and the narrator in their journey to overcome their internal struggles. In the short story Sonny’s Blues, James Baldwin uses darkness and l ight to show struggles and, transformation as both brothers teeter between the different shades of the blues, using music as a way to bring them both to redemption. Often times, when light is used in stories, readers can very easily relate the idea to happiness and following the right path. Baldwin uses light to illustrate whatRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 995 Words   |  4 PagesJames Baldwin presents an emotional journey through Harlem in the 1950’s with his short story, â€Å"Sonny’s Blues.† From the beginning, the story is in medias res when the unnamed narrator is informed of bad news concerning his younger, troubled brother, Sonny. Throughout the story there is an ocean of emotions witnessed between these two brothers as they battle hardships from their past and present time. The setting plays an important role in â€Å"Sonny’s Blues† to an extent where it is practically a characterRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues Essay1154 Words   |  5 Pagesntroduction: James Baldwin, author of Sonny s Blues, once said, I grew up with music...much more than with any other language. In a way, the music I grew up with saved my life (Session 3 Inquiry: Rudolfo Anaya and James Baldwin, 2015).   Blues becomes Sonny s drug and his addiction to it his salvation.       Even though the adults refrain from lamenting their sufferings directly to the children and telling them about the darkness, the child-narrator still intimates its marks in their facesRead MoreAnalysis Of James Baldwin s Sonny s Blues 1292 Words   |  6 Pages James Baldwin was raised in poverty in Harlem where, at the age of fourteen, he became a preacher in the Fireside Pentecostal Church. After high school he decided to become a writer and with the help of the black American expatriate writer Richard Wright, won a grant that enabled him to move to Paris, where he lived most of his remaining years. He wrote a variety of novels mostly about the intellectual trials of black men in a white, racist society and homosexual themes. James Baldwin wrote â€Å"Sonny’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Is The Industry Doing Well - 1063 Words

Is the industry doing well? Are you optimistic about its future? This Pharmaceutical industry encompasses corporations that manufacture biological, medicinal and pharmaceutical products in several methods including tablets, vials, lotions, concentrates and suspensions. The general pharmaceutical market can be divided into prescription-based products and over-the-counter medications. The pharmaceutical products are primarily dispersed via wholesalers, and are then sold through pharmacies or dispensed in hospitals. The pharmaceutical industry is today one of the most lucrative and prominent world business sectors. It consists of numerous public and private organizations dedicated to the detection, development, creation and marketing of medicines for human and animal health. Its foundation is the research and development for medicinal chemicals to prevent or treat innumerable diseases and disarrays. The pharmaceutical industry mainstream of production corresponds to vaccines. Most pharmaceutical companies experience international character and mainta in subsidiaries in several nations. The pharmaceutical sector is technologically advanced, which gives employment to many college graduates with MBA degrees, biologists, biochemists, chemists, pharmacists, and physicians. These professionals perfom in the functional regions of production, quality control, research and development, marketing, human resources, and general administration. The majority of jobs within theShow MoreRelatedThe Walt Disney Company ( Dis )1243 Words   |  5 Pagesstudio entertainment, consumer products and interactive media. With an average of $43 billion dollars in annual sales, Walt Disney offers investors the benefits of a blue-chip company by being capable of a market-beating growth with estimated earnings well above the overall market growth rate. 2015 Economic outlook for The Walt Disney Company. In 2015, it expected that the overall economic outlook is positive, with only Consumer Price Index and Industrial Production being negative for the overall growthRead MoreAdvertising Industry : An Powerful Aid For The American Consumer Culture1417 Words   |  6 Pagesgood. The American advertising industry has long been an extremely powerful aid for the American consumer culture (Taylor). For an extended amount of time in American advertising agencies were only accustomed to doing their business and advertising in print. Yet, with the popularization of music and it’s abilities as well as technological advancements, advertising agencies soon had to get over this habit and expand their way of doing business. The advertising industry had been putting out advertisementsRead MoreThe Profitability Of The Airline Industry1121 Words   |  5 Pagesliquidity Delta is not doing so well. Their current ratio has deteriorated consecutively the past four years and is the lowest in the pa st decade at .49. Delta’s Quick ratio of .35 reported in the last quarter is concerning considering anything below 1 may be an indicator of bankruptcy. Furthermore, their quick ratio has decreased by an annual average of about 5% in the past decade. (The quick ratio is particularly important in evaluating a company in the airline industry because they are capitalRead MoreIn the Black: An African American History of Wall Street793 Words   |  3 PagesHistory is not expounded on in the Wall Street industry. Brokers are remembered simply on their sales or their big portfolios. The trials of how African American owned firms were founded and the triumphs and accomplishments that were made afterwards was written in an interesting narrative way by the author , Gregory S. Bell in  In the Black: A African American History of Wall Street. Bell being the son of one of the first African American black owned member firm in the New York Stock Exchange, heRead MoreDiversity1255 Words   |  6 PagesDiverse Insurance Industry Look Like? By Amanda M. White, CPCU, API As I was preparing to start thinking about the topic of diversity, I did what most of us do these days. I did an internet search on the term. The search results were overwhelming and easily set a picture of what diversity is, without even having to click on a single link. But, while the search results may provide a definition of diversity, those results do not reflect the importance of diversity in the insurance industry and the roleRead MoreCorrelation Between Professional Networking And The Film Music Industry1373 Words   |  6 Pagesthat role is. This study will provide an overview of the correlation between professional networking and the film music industry. The first part of this paper will give a general overview of the film music industry and the type of experiences one would have in the profession. The study will then look into more specific instances of professional networking in the film music industry by analysing case studies of significant composers and how their care ers have been affected by professional networkingRead MoreWhole Foods Individual Case, Financial Analysis1550 Words   |  7 Pagescompetitor Safeway Inc. This in depth report is both to determine which company is doing financially better and how also how they are doing comparing them to their whole industry. The ratios in this report are going to be used to compare WF to its competitior and also to compare its financial performances to the whole Grocery store industry (SIC: 5411) to see how Whole Foods Inc is doing in regards to the whole industry. It is crucial to compare a company’s ratios with the industry’s, because they mayRead MoreApple Inc. Ethical Issues1537 Words   |  7 Pages In this paper, we are mainly going to discuss Apple’s ethical success and challenges. First I will discuss how Apple’s philosophy and organizational culture have impacted how it handles ethical decisions. Secondly, I will talk about why Apple’s industry is so competitive and how this could affect the ethical risk in Apple’s operations. Lastly, I will share my opinion about how Apple has handled the various ethical issues that it has faced in the past. Apple’s philosophy and organizational cultureRead MoreMcdonalds : A Fast Food Restaurant Company1283 Words   |  6 Pageswraps, fries, salads, pastry’s, sandwiches, and beverages and more! Industry: The industry that McDonalds Corp. operates within is the food industry, and to be more specific, the fast-food industry. For the most part, McDonalds has dominated all other fast food corporations since it’s existence. The fast food industry alone is said to have a 2.5% growth rate for the next couple years ahead. Companies operating within this industry focus on taste, price, and quality, respectively. This is why despiteRead MoreUp On Downloading798 Words   |  4 PagesAbberger  1 English  111  03B 04  Sept.  2013 Is  the  Music  Industry  in  a  Crisis? In  Elaine’s  McArdle’s  essay  Ã¢â‚¬Å"Up  on  downloading,†Ã‚  three  Harvard  Law  school Professors  William  Fisher  III,  Charles  Nesson  and  Jonathan  Zittrain  come  together  to discuss  solutions  for  illegal  downloading  of  music.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In  this  essay,the  music  industry claims  it  has  a  money  crisis.  (McArdle  1)  Ã‚  Ã‚  I  think  Ã‚  perhaps  it  is  Ã‚  really  a  Ã‚  marketing  and a  technology  issue.  Ã‚  The  music  industry  has  so  many  more  resources  now  then  it  has   ever  had  in  the  past

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Impact of Bribery and Corruption

Question: Write an essay on Impact of Bribery and Corruption? Answer: Bribery and corruption have become a major issue globally. In the past few years, a phenomenon corruption has attracted many people to deal with it. In developing as well as the developed countries, the governments have been affected by this phenomenon, which lead to their downfall. Where there is bribery, there is corruption. To define them individually, bribery is a particular offense that concerns the practice of gifting something to gain illicit advantages. On the other hand, corruption is abusing a position of trust to gain undue advantages (Belch, 2014). Bribery is often referred to as an accompaniment of conducts that are corrupt, and the procedure of corruption occurs in the entrepreneurial activities or public institutions. This particular essay deals with the impact of bribery and corruption on the economic and political system of different countries, especially the United States of America and the United Kingdom. This essay will also discuss about the legal structures of t hese two countries when they are affected by this phenomenon (Pacini, 2012). Bribery and corruption have almost become endemic and unavoidable in the public sectors and every society. This particular research is based on the impact of corruption in a countrys legal system. The administrators, legislators and political elite are mostly influenced to take or receive bribes. The industrialists offer bribes to them to get work done smoothly. This affects the legal system of any country. Politicians and higher officials are being partial to the needs of the common people. This has a negative impact on the overall economy of the country. Bribes can have a positive impact as well. They can help in avoiding regulations and saving time. Bribes can also help to influence the allocation of monetary benefits such as favored prices, credit subsidies and exchange rates (Sloman et al. 2014) A consensus has grown that bribery and corruption are toxic to the economies of the state as well to the societies. The occurrence of corruption is very high in the transition and develo ping states, where bribery is pervasive and endemic, most importantly within a perfectly structured corruption system. A perfect framework could assure that the payments, which are not official, when paid by individuals or firms will be ultimately delivered. The receivers of bribe perform as combined suppliers lower the marginal revenue as compared to the marginal costs to exemplify higher demands for goods and ultimately meet their equilibrium. This indicates that the revenue received from the bribe is greater than that of the marginal revenue, and it is lowered in public institutions. In a disorganized corruption system, enterprises face a huge amount of uncertainties that lead to bribing of various functionaries for similar services and results in bribery costs that are unnecessary (Ala'i, 2014). The structured and hierarchical system of corruption hinders opportunistic behaviors by individual agents or subordinates. This results in anticipated bribe requirement as well as consec utive achievement of the services and leads the enterprises to pay more bribes and administer more business. This, in turn, makes the corrupt behaviors thrive, thereby, constituting the vicious circle between bribery and corruption within the regime of bureaucracy. Corruption also thrives in circumstances, which is characterized by strong administrative and legal frameworks. Poor enforcement, huge discretionary powers, complex regulations and fragile legal networks provide a productive condition for corruption. It is because, under these conditions, officials engage themselves in seeking rent by abusing their priorities related to politics. World Bank has shown in the recent survey that Cambodia had created huge spaces for the discretion of surplus and rent seeking by regulating overlying and excessive measures. To simplify, it can be said that regulations play an insignificant role in reducing bribery and corruption (Banerjee, 2014). The determinants promoting corruption are those things that create demand for corrupt administration as well as affect the supply in the act of corruption. A deal that is corrupt partners with supply and demand sides in case of international transactions. The demand sides reflect the exporters from foreign nations. They, in all probability, demand deals that are corrupt from the public servants of domestic states. More corruption may be lured in the importing nations at the time of exporters, inclined to make maximum use of the bribes than the others may. The nations that believe in conducting more transactions at the international level with the exporters, who aims at claiming bribes, are considered to be more corrupt. When a government acts as a purchasing institution (on the demand side) and the traders or agents act as a party for the seller (on the supply side) in the case of public obtainment, the public officials take advantages of the public authorities (Boles, 2014). They es tablish rules for obtainment or procurement and confer contracts that often offer them potential chances to conduct corrupt acts. This special relationship of trading between a company and the government agency provides the agent of government with better opportunities to increase and develop demand for services and commodities. Demand sides of the public institutions manipulate the process of distribution of the scarce resources to gain those services or commodities (Purcell, 2014). The bribery and corruption degree is often measured by demographics, i.e., the geographic reach of the region as well as by the annual costs on corruption that were spent on the transactions globally. Recently, the World Bank Institute has done a survey on the bribery level worldwide. It has shown that within a single year, the bribery level has reached to about $1 trillion. Transparency International or TI has evaluated that the recurrence of corrupt deals within the government obtainment has led the corruption level to rise to $400 billion every year. Corruption at the global level is almost under control over the recent years (Cuervoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Cazurra, 2014). However, the Corruption Perceptions Index of 2013 shows that 177 countries that were surveyed in the index of 2013, score below fifty on a scale ranging from zero to hundred, where zero represented more corrupt, and hundred represented less corrupt. Both New Zealand and Denmark rank first with scores of ninety-one at the corruption perceptions index of 2013. It is also found that those countries that scored below fifty are the developing countries, and the top ten countries are notably the European and the developed countries. Due to the cultural, economic and political factors, wealthier and developed countries are more prone to administer bribery and corrupt acts while the developing nations believe in bribing and conducting corrupt deals that can partly or fully make up to the supplements or additives for their Gross Domestic Product or GDP. The European countries reveal relevantly small or fewer possibilities of processing corruption. According to the latest report related to graft in the European Union, 120 billion costs of corruption have occurred in Europe that constituted about one percent of the total economic output and forty-three percent of the deemed firms that faced corruption (Gal, 2014). The Corruption Perceptions Index ranks countries and territories based on how corrupt their public sector is perceived to be. A country or territorys score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 - 100, where 0 means that a country is perceived as highly corrupt and 100 means it is perceived as very clean. A country's rank indicates its position relative to the other countries and territories included in the index. Rank Country Score Surveys used CI: lower CI: upper 2012 score 1 Denmark 91 7 87 95 90 1 New Zealand 91 7 87 95 90 3 Finland 89 7 86 92 90 3 Sweden 89 7 85 93 88 5 Norway 86 7 82 90 85 5 Singapore 86 9 82 90 87 7 Switzerland 85 6 81 89 86 8 Netherlands 83 7 80 86 84 9 Australia 81 8 79 83 85 9 Canada 81 7 77 85 84 11 Luxembourg 80 6 75 85 80 12 Germany 78 8 74 82 79 12 Iceland 78 6 73 83 82 14 United Kingdom 76 8 74 78 74 15 Barbados 75 3 63 87 76 15 Belgium 75 7 71 79 75 15 Hong Kong 75 8 71 79 77 Corruption Perceptions Index 2013 (Top 15 Ranks) In the multinational companies, the corruption is occurring at an effectively high rate thus by undermining the global economy as well as ruining the common people's confidence in the public sectors since there lies leadership issue in that company worsening the situation (Banerjee, Mullainathan Hanna, 2012). In these specific situations, the presence of strong and effective regulations plays a vital role in blocking corrupt and bribable behavior. In a global context, the two main codes of conducts acting strongly against this bribery as well as corruption practices occurring in both public and private sectors are the UK Bribery Act 2010 and the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977(FCPA). This US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) deals definitely with the domestic as well as international firms preventing them from performing any corruption or bribery payment practices. The FCPA consist of two main parts including the anti-bribery provisions and records and internal control p rovisions (Newburn, 2015). The FCPA not only effects the bribery deals, but it also states that any company making any suspected payments through bank accounts are equally questionable and comes under the practice of crime and thus shall be penalized as well. Additionally, the strict penalty that has already been applied to the companies for these prohibited behaviors has restricted these illegal practices in a much effective way. In a more specific context, a company or any individual performing these illegal practices can be penalized with two million dollars for each infringement and can also be sent behind bars for five long years with a fine of 250000 dollars (Law, 2015). On the other hand, as compared to FCPA, the UK Bribery Act 2010 has a broader version of extra geographical authorities that goes much beyond the FCPA. The UK Bribery Act 2010 has an intense improvement in the field of anti-bribery dealings (Banerjee, Mullainathan Hanna 2012). The UK Bribery Act that was firs t enacted on July 2011 helped the UK government in controlling these illegal practices in an enhanced way not only by criminalizing the domestic officials and company employees but also taking strict actions against the third party representing a firm or foreign trading enterprise. The UK Bribery Act thus offers a board-raging and stronger code of conduct as a complement for FCPA (Cheung, Rau Stouraitis, 2012). Elaborately, it can be said that all the companies that perform bribery will be considered as criminal and in this case, under the Act, no discharge shall be made for the payment that has been made. In addition to this, the person would be fined with unlimited fines as well as an imprisonment of minimum ten years. Thus, when both the discussed codes of conduct are combined to form one, that will be further capable of dealing with the worldwide corruption and hence make the economic conditions nurture cleaner and stronger. The paper was started with an assumption that the practice of corruption and bribery is prevalent and omnipresent in all the existing societies (Johnsn Mason, 2013). It verifies the hypothesis with the example as well as the theories related to the clearing of these unfair practices. This is due to the reason that mostly under any well-structured organization, the business deals with some unauthorized payments which ends up being bribery. In the same way, it was also found out that more frequent corruptions occur in the excessive regulatory networks where one could provide a public administrator with the productive base of neglecting the administrations to build the pre-determined rules and regulations for extra rent seeking (Pearce, Segon Booth, 2014). While the analysis was made on the impact of both the supply as well as demand side that led towards corruption and bribery practices, it was observed that when the government or the public institution particularly represents the de mand portion of the public procurement or international transactions, more corrupt acts can be processed (Kassem Higson, 2016). These corrupt include the creation of more opportunities to confer the trading contract to the traders through their privileged powers. Also, to this, while measuring the extent of bribery as well as corruption, it was also found that geographically the cost that was incurred in illegal deals in the developed nations are relevantly high and takes place annually (Pacini, 2012). Thus, it can be concluded that although UK Bribery Act is more efficient in removing these practices, the combination of both the UK Bribery Act and FCPA will turn out to be more effective in deterring the worldwide corruption and stop the international bribery (Arewa Farrell, 2015). References: Ala'i, P. (2014). Civil Consequences of Corruption in International Commercial Contracts.American Journal of Comparative Law,62(Supplement 1), 185-211. Arewa, A. O., Farrell, P. (2015). The culture of construction organisations: the epitome of institutionalised corruption.Construction Economics and Building,15(3), 59-71. Banerjee, A., Mullainathan, S., Hanna, R. (2012).Corruption(No. w17968). National Bureau of Economic Research. Banerjee, R. (2014). On the interpretation of bribery in a laboratory corruption game: moral frames and social norms.Experimental Economics, 1-28. Bartlett, A. (2014). Remaining blase about foreign corrupt practices law is an increasingly risky game. Belch, G. (2014). Analysis of the Efficacy of the Bribery Act 2010, An.Aberdeen Student L. Rev.,5, 134. Boles, J. R. (2014). The Two Faces of Bribery: International Corruption Pathways Meet Conflicting Legislative Regimes.Michigan Journal of International Law,35(4). Cheung, Y. L., Rau, P. R., Stouraitis, A. (2012).How much do firms pay as bribes and what benefits do they get? Evidence from corruption cases worldwide(No. w17981). National Bureau of Economic Research. Cuervoà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ Cazurra, A. (2014). Corruption.Wiley Encyclopedia of Management. Drugov, M., Hamman, J., Serra, D. (2014). Intermediaries in corruption: an experiment.Experimental Economics,17(1), 78-99. Fredriksson, P. G., Neumayer, E. (2014). Corruption and Climate Change Policies: Do the Bad Old Days Matter?.Environmental and Resource Economics, 1-19. Gal, I. L. (2014). Economic Bribery as a Part of Economic Criminal Law and a Concomitant of Political Corruption.JE-Eur. Crim. L., 23. Gilbert, J. A., Sharman, J. C. (2014). Turning a Blind Eye to Bribery: Explaining Failures to Comply with the International Antià ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã‚ corruption Regime.Political Studies. Gueorguiev, D., Malesky, E. (2012). Foreign investment and bribery: A firm-level analysis of corruption in Vietnam.Journal of Asian economics,23(2), 111-129. Johnsn, J., Mason, P. (2013). The Proxy Challenge: Why bespoke proxy indicators can help solve the anti-corruption measurement problem.U4 Brief,2013(2). Kassem, R., Higson, A. (2016). External Auditors and Corporate Corruption: Implications for External Audit Regulators.Current Issues in Auditing. Law, L. (2015). Demand Side of Transnational Bribery and Corruption: Why Leveling the Playing Field on the Supply Side Isn't Enough, The.Fordham L. Rev.,84, 563. Newburn, T. (2015). Literature review-Police integrity and corruption.HMIC. Pacini, C. (2012). Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: Taking a Bite out of Bribery in International Business Transactions.Fordham J. Corp. Fin. L.,17, 545. Pearce, J., Segon, M., Booth, C. (2014). Bribery and corruption: modus operandi or unethical practice?. Purcell, A. J. (2014). Corruption and misconduct: A behavioural reflection from investigative reports into local government.Journal of Business Systems, Governance Ethics,9(1).

Sunday, April 19, 2020

Managing Change The Case of FastLink Logistics Company

Introduction Contextual Information Cut-throat competition, technological advances, geopolitical realignments and other related pressures are combining with concerns for security, shifting customer demands, expansion urges and organizational governance to generate momentous pressure for organizational change (Howard, 1994). Current literature as demonstrated by Kotter (2007) reveals that organizations need to continually change and reinvent their strategies, structures, processes and culture to remain relevant as well as maintain competitive advantage.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Managing Change: The Case of FastLink Logistics Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More But as observed by McGahan (2004), the change process itself need to be planned beforehand and aligned to the business strategy and objectives if it is to achieve success. The capacity of an organization to plan and implement the change process is therefore fundamental for success. By presenting a case of the current challenges facing FastLink Logistics Company, this paper will focus on providing an outline through which the underlying challenges can be adequately addressed by initiating a change process. Headquartered in Boston, MA, FastLink Logistics has been in operation for the last 20 years, and has consistently maintained a leadership position in the industry judging from its financial returns and competitiveness. An interview with the company’s operations manager revealed that the company operates a fleet of 3000 trucks and 10 cargo airplanes for purposes of transporting goods to various destinations across the U.S. and internationally. From the beginning of the current financial year, however, the company’s management has been receiving sustained customer complaints regarding delayed deliveries of their orders, especially from truck drivers. Indeed, some of FastLink’s traditional customers have opted to look for other logistics companies who keep their word on deliveries, implying that profits for FastLink Logistics have been on a downward trend. The management, having studied all the facts, identified massive paperwork in cargo clearing departments and irresponsible behaviour on the part of truck drivers, who engage in personal business while performing official duties. Upon holding several consultative meetings, the management decided to undertake a change process that will automate the clearing departments and install remote sensors on their trucks to monitor their movements and timeliness. The intended change process, however, is likely to experience some challenges, especially from employees who may oppose the intended automation of duties for fear of being rendered redundant. Still, truck drivers may feel that the intended introduction of remote sensors on their trucks may impinge on their privacy, hence perceive the new system negatively. Overall, the change proces s may be resisted by employees since it requires dramatic shifts in business processes and employee roles (Suntano et al., 2008). The management, therefore, must come up with strategies that ensure employee participation, commitment and identification to the change process so as to achieve success. In line with the above, FastLink’s management decides to enrol the services of a consultant to prepare a project feasibility study that could be effectively used to manage the change process.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Project Feasibility Study for FastLink Logistics Company The Project Scope Greer Conradi (2009) observes that â€Å"†¦the feasibility study usually refers to an assessment of the product/project against technical, operational, financial and social/political criteria† (p. 357). Academics and practitioners are in agreement that recognizing the challenges facing an organization and justifying the need for change must form the initial step of a system change effort (Suntano et al., 2008). Section A of this report demonstrates that FastLink is currently being faced with challenges arising from slower business processes and inability of some employees, particularly truck drivers, to identify with the values of the company. These challenges have caused the company to lose its traditional customers to competitors due to late delivery of orders, implying that the company’s profitability and competitive advantage in the market have been negatively affected. This particular feasibility study, hereafter identified as PFS, will therefore aim to come up with ways to balance business processes and technology constraints facing the firm so as to select a cost-effective solution. More importantly, the PFS will also involve matching the new system to organizational objectives in terms of deliverables, ability to meet customersâ⠂¬â„¢ requirements, efficient utilization of resources, budgetary allocations and time-frames. The PFS will be presented in the form of a short report. The Current Analysis FastLink logistics has for a very long time employed a manual process in its operations across all the offices located in the U.S. and abroad. This implies that the work environment has been largely paper-based and personnel-intensive. It is also imperative to note that FastLink’s working environment has been largely distributed over expansive geographical areas due to the nature of the transportation business. The advantages derived from the above working methodology may in fact be minimal as opposed to the disadvantages. In terms of advantages of the ‘status-quo’, it is important to note that manual processes of doing business in a way motivates employees to offer more, not mentioning that they are beneficial in aligning members of staff to organizational objectives and strategies (McGahan, 2004). A paper-based working environment also implies that information can be retrieved from the cabinets anytime without undue regard to other externalities such as the availability of power to run the machines, computer viruses, and end-user capabilities. In terms of the disadvantages arising from the current business processes, it is evident that FastLink has been losing, productively, due to delay occasioned by the tedious paper-based working environment and centralized information architecture.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Managing Change: The Case of FastLink Logistics Company specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Preliminary observations reveals that the distributed information architecture coupled with lax rules are to blame for the truck drivers’ unbecoming behaviour by virtue of the fact that critical information aimed at necessitating effective order deliveries to customers is either delayed due to the manual operational processes, or the information does not get to the intended recipients at all due to lax operational rules. Another problematic area for the company is the fact that it has to employ a large number of employees to do the paperwork needed to necessitate order deliveries, implying that the company’s wage bill may exceed profitable limits. These disadvantages, according to preliminary observations, are to blame for the company’s continued dip in profitability and competitive advantage within the logistics industry. According to Davies (1994), these challenges are functional in nature owing to the fact that they hinder effective work-flow processes for the company, thus they demand functional solutions. Benefits Pitfalls of the Proposed System The next stage of designing a project feasibility study, according to Greer Conradi (2009), is to develop specific objectives and limits of the proposed system. Here, it is proposed that the company redesig n and automate its database management system for the obvious advantages of faster and better customer service as well as ensuring the distributed use and processing of order information. Automated work systems, according to Howard (1994), not only simplify and streamline work processes, but they also enhance efficiency by curtailing excessive use of an organization’s scarce resources. The proposed remote sensors to be installed on trucks will go a long way to ensure that truck drivers follow their routes in the process of delivering orders to customers, and the orders are delivered on a timely basis. However, financial resources must be channelled to purchase the needed automation hardware and software as well as the remote sensors. The decisions to automate the offices and install remote sensors on trucks will most probably be met with resistance from members of staff who may fear loosing their jobs or who may argue that their privacy is being impinged on. Here, Suntano et al (2008) advises that the company should take an all-inclusive approach to enable employees participate in the change process; hence offer their views, fears and expectations as concerns the intended change. In addition, the management should exercise an open-door policy, whereby employees should be encouraged to raise any underlying issues and seek clarifications to better understand the proposed change.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Davies (1994), involving employees and effectively answering their concerns in any change process is advantageous since it minimizes resistance during the implementation process, not mentioning that it facilitates employees to identify more with the change process once it is operationalized. Alternatives Companies in the 21st century are increasingly faced with the dilemma of whether to automate their operations or to continue with paper-based working environment (Alkuwaiti, 2010). In the present case, one of the viable alternatives would be to recruit more human resources to clear the backlog, hence necessitate timely delivery of orders to customers. Another alternative would be to enlist the services of security firms to escort trucks so that drivers do not engage in personal business during official working hours. The company may also consider investing in telecommunications to facilitate a more distributed information infrastructure. Assessment The assessment of any viable change process or alternatives must be evaluated against a backdrop of risk management controls, ability to meet fundamental objectives of the project’s attention, program needs and costs, intensity of effort, time-scale, security features, and flexibility for future modification and expansion, among others (Kotter, 2007; Bryce, 2011). It is indeed true that the proposed automated process may in the short-term be costly for the company in terms of purchasing the needed hardware and software as well as training staff members to operate the automated systems. In the long-term, however, the company will largely benefit from enhanced customer satisfaction, improved sales and reduced overhead costs. The alternative of employing more members of staff to clear the backlog may not be tenable in these circumstances, especially when the company is working on new modalities that will enable it to return to profitability and maintain competitive advantage. The time-scale needed f or implementing automated systems and installing the remote sensors may indeed be minimal when it is compared to the time-scale and resources needed to advertise for positions, recruit, orient and train new members of staff. According to Howard (1994), companies must always be on the lookout for proposals that enhance value creation as well as offer viable solutions to the problems that triggered the change process. In this perspective, the proposed system change should be recommended over the other stated alternatives. Automation of business process and introduction of remote sensors for trucks seem the only way to go for FastLink Logistics Company if it has to overcome its present challenges. Lastly, it is indeed true that automated systems can be expanded or modified to meet future needs and expectations (Suntano et al., 2008). The same cannot be said of other alternatives such as utilizing security firms to make the company drivers toe the line. List of References Alkuwaiti, A. J. (2010). The Project Book: A Simple and Direct Approach to Project Management. New York, NY: Create Space. Bryce, T. (2011). The Elements of a Good Feasibility Study. Web. Davis, S. M. (1994). Attempting Major Change? 10 Pitfalls to Avoid – And How. Human Resource Planning, Vol. 7, Issue 4, pp 175-188. Greer, D., Conradi, R. (2009) Software Project Initiation and Planning – An Empirical Study. IET Software, Vol. 3, Issue 5, pp 356-368. Howard, A. (1994). Diagnosis for Organizational Change: Methods and Models. New York, NY: The Guilford Press. Kotter, J. P. (2007). Leading Change. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 85, Issue 1, pp 96-103. McGahan, A. M. (2004). How Industries Change. Harvard Business Review, Vol. 82, Issue 10, pp 86-94. Suntano, J., Kankanhalli, A., Tay, J., Raman, K. S., Tan, B. C. Y. (2008). Change Management in Interorganizational Systems for the Public. Journal of Management Information Systems, Vol. 25, Issue 3, pp 133-175. Wischnevsky, J. D. (2007 ). Change as the Winds Change: The Impact of Organizational Transformation on Firm Survival in a Shifting Environment. Organizational Analysis, Vol. 12, Issue. 4 pp 361-377. This essay on Managing Change: The Case of FastLink Logistics Company was written and submitted by user Ian U. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Saturday, March 14, 2020

WWII could have been avoided essays

WWII could have been avoided essays After World War I, the world was a chaotic muddle of unresolved issues including international distrust, resented economic hardship, and repressed feelings. Political conditions that existed after World War One created a tense atmosphere filled with international distrust, and aggression. Treaty of Versailles, which formally ended the war, did little to address the unresolved issues and actually promoted international distrust and resentment. Harsh economic conditions devastated millions of people in Europe and around the globe. Strong feelings of resentment, guilt, and fierce anger plagued the disillusioned citizens of the countries involved, and overrode thoughts of reason in much of the world. If world leaders had addressed these issues and taken steps to create international trust, cooperate to lessen economic burdens, and defuse resentment among Europes citizens, World War II could have been avoided. If post World War I conditions had been different, World War II might no t have happened, and could have perhaps been avoided completely. The growing tension of the intense political atmosphere that formed during the post World War I years was a major cause of World War II that could have been altered to avoid the second world war. Offended by the Treaty of Versailles, which was extremely harsh, and desperate to re-establish a sense of pride in their country, Germans all shared the common goal of attaining full restoration of the glory of Germanys past. Hitler, who passionately shared this goal with the German people, was appointed Chancellor of Germany in 1933. Immediately after Hitler gained power in Germany, he began to directly violate the Treaty of Versailles. In 1935, Hitler announced his intent to rearm Germany, which openly defied the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. This was the first opportunity the Allied powers had to step in and stop Hitler from any future action. Although he openly disregard...

Thursday, February 27, 2020

Writer's choice Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2

Writer's choice - Assignment Example On day one, just after writing down my values, I remained determined to living by them to the latter. Most of my action were controlled by them as I frequently reflected on them whenever I engaged in any activity or interacted with colleagues and/or family members. For instance, I have been cautious not to hurt or cause any sort of discomfort to others as I interacted with them. I even let go a friend who deliberately splashed dirt on my just polished shoes. This was unlike the former me who would have reacted violently. Similarly, I have been keen in arriving for lectures in time and diligently perform all tasks that appertains to my academics. I would even consult colleagues and teachers on matters that I felt I needed further clarification. Essentially, I have been upbeat to attain the above mentioned themes. My stretch experience connects significantly to acceptance, which is one of the other core principles of ACT aside from values. Acceptance involves allowing or rather embracing the unpleasant thought in one minds until that moment when they fade away without any attempt to fight them off. Handling such thought in this manner helps minimize their negative impact on one’s life as they give a feeling that they are less threatening. It may also be seem that acceptance is just but a means to enhance a value based lifestyle (Bach and Daniel 43). In the course of my stretch, this principle has been critical in so far my interaction with the other colleagues is concerned. I have been such a person who is reserved that I detested other people from meddling into my affairs. Said in other words, I disliked those colleagues who poke their noses in what does not concern them. This behavior frustrated my relationship with classmates as I often felt that none of them wants the best for me. Nonetheless, my moment in stretch has serve to make me embrace the negative attitude towards my colleagues whenever it boggles my mind and